In 1962, the USSR launched an aircraft to Mars for the first time, and today Elon Musk is already testing a rocket for crewed flights.
In 2016, at the international space Forum in Mexico, SpaceX founder Elon Musk presented an interplanetary transport system on which people can go to Mars.
From 1960 to 1973, colossal work was carried out to implement the program for the study of the planet. However, the first Mars 160A and Mars 160B aircraft were not even launched into near-Earth orbit due to launch vehicle accidents.
The second Martian programs
In 1975, the Viking program of the USA was launched. The vehicles were able to land safely on Mars and work for more than four years. As a result of the program, high-quality color photographs were taken from the surface of Mars and soil data was collected. The main elements, as it turned out, are silicon, iron, aluminum and titanium. However, no traces of life were found.
The three
Martian programs
On February 10, 2021, the spacecraft of the United Arab Emirates "Al-Amal", which means "Hope", entered the orbit of Mars. The probe will study the atmosphere, weather changes during the day and year in different regions of the planet, meteorology in the lower parts of the atmosphere, dust storms, and will try to find the relationship between the current and ancient climate of Mars.
The first Martian programs
Made on